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Sepia pharaonis, the Pharaoh Cuttlefish

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Sepia pharaonisThis cuttlefish lives in warm water (30°C) and is fast growing. They mate and spawn at 110 days and their life span is 240 days. They lay about 1500 eggs which take 14 days to develop at 28°C. Males are larger than females and most are larger than 1 kg (similiar in size to S. officinalis).

These cuttlefish are being mass cultured in Thailand and they are occasionally available in the aquarium trade. The NRCC also is culturing them on a much smaller scale.

References and Credits


Thanks to John Forsythe for the excellent cuttlefish shot.

The animal in the shot is a 2nd lab generation male raised at NRCC from eggs collected in the Gulf of Thailand.


Forsythe, J Pers. Comm.
Nabhitabhata, J (1995) Mass culture of cephalopods in Thailand. World Aquaculture 26; 25-29

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The Cephalopod Page (TCP), © Copyright 1995-2018, was created and is maintained by Dr. James B. Wood, Associate Director of the Waikiki Aquarium which is part of the University of Hawaii. Please see the FAQs page for cephalopod questions, Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda for information on other invertebrates, and and the Census of Marine Life for general information on marine biology.